UNC1999

Protein substrate noncompetitive inhibitor, SAM competitive inhibitor of EZH2, EZH1

Structure

Information

Protein target names: EZH2, EZH1

Mechanism of action: Protein substrate noncompetitive inhibitor, SAM competitive inhibitor

Recommended in-cell concentration:
up to 400 nM
Primary References:

In Vitro Validations

Uniprot ID: Q15910
Target Class: Epigenetic
Target SubClass: Protein methyltransferase
Potency: IC 50
Potency Value: 10 nM
Potency Assay: Transfer of 3H from SAM to peptide substrate in in vitro enzymatic assay. UNC1999's Ki for EZH2/SAM = 4.6 nM.
PDB ID for probe-target interaction (3D structure): --
Target aliases:
Histone-lysine N-methyltransferase EZH2, KMT6, EZH ...

DOI Reference: 10.1021/cb400133j

Uniprot ID: Q15910
Target Class: Epigenetic
Target SubClass: Protein methyltransferase
Potency: Ki
Potency Value: 4.6 nM.
Potency Assay: Transfer of 3H from SAM to peptide substrate in in vitro enzymatic assay.
PDB ID for probe-target interaction (3D structure): --
Target aliases:
Histone-lysine N-methyltransferase EZH2, KMT6, EZH ...

DOI Reference: 10.1021/cb400133j

In Cell Validations

In Vivo Data

I have extra information to add

SERP ratings and comments


SERP Ratings

In Cell Rating

Comments:

This probe is a dual inhibitor of EZH1 and EZH2 methyltransferase enzymes (in vitro IC50s are 45 nM and 4.6 nM, respectively), which are the components of Polycomb repressive complex 2. This complex converts dimethylated lysines into trimethylated lysines in H3K27. Trimethylation of K27 is a transcriptionally repressive epigenetic mark. The probe inhibits H3K27 trimethylation in MCF10A cells at 5 uM after 3 days treatment, shows toxicity after 7 days of treatment. Potential off-target effects could be due to the GPCR binding with Ki 4,700 nM; 65 nM; 300 nM; and 1,500 nM for Sigma1, Sigma 2, Histamine H3, and Norephedrine transporter, respectively. In vivo studies have shown that the probe has good PK properties; however, its inhibitory effect on EZH1 and EZH2 in different tissues has not been examined, and its organ and tissue distribution profiles were not reported. Therefore, if this probe is used for in vivo studies, careful investigation of its tissue and organ distribution are needed, as well as an analysis of its inhibitory effect of EZH1/2 and off-target GPCR receptors. I recommend using this probe along with UNC2400, which is a negative control molecule.

(last updated: 17 May 2016 )

SERP Ratings

In Cell Rating
In Model Organisms

Comments:

Three days are required for reduction of H3K27me3 in MCF10a cells with IC50 ~135 nM.  I recommend using UNC1999 in parallel with its control, UNC2400, and the orthogonal probe, GSK343.

(last updated: 10 Jun 2016 )

SERP Ratings

In Cell Rating
In Model Organisms

Comments:

UNC1999 has utility in cell-based experiments when used in conjunction with UNC2400. 

(last updated: 19 Apr 2021 )

SERP Ratings

Comments:

A concentration lower than 1 µM. The cellular IC50 for reduction of H3K27me3 levels is 124 nM. I would suggest 2-3x IC50 to avoid off-targets (e.g., GPCRs) at micromolar concentrations. Suggested to use UNC2400 as a control compound in parallel. A wider panel of off-targets (e.g., CEREP) would be required prior to in vivo use of this probe.

(last updated: 19 Apr 2021 )