A-395

Protein-Protein Interaction Antagonist of EED

Structure

Information

Protein target names: EED

Mechanism of action: Protein-Protein Interaction Antagonist

Recommended in-cell concentration:
100-300 nM

In Vitro Validations

Uniprot ID: O75530
Target Class: Epigenetic
Target SubClass: Polycomb family
Potency: Ki
Potency Value: 0.4 nM
Potency Assay: TR-FRET Compounds were tested in a modified LanthaScreen competition assay in which the in vitro potency of compounds (Ki) was measured through the disruption of a TR-FRET donor-acceptor complex of terbium-labeled anti-GST antibody and a custom synthesized Oregon green (488) labeled probe using a potent, pyrrolidine-based inhibitor. By SPR, the KD=1.5 nM, and A-395 inhibits PRC complex in vitro with a IC50=18 nM.
PDB ID for probe-target interaction (3D structure): 5K0M
Structure-activity relationship: Some SAR is discussed in the primary publication. Thermal shift assay (TSA) was used.
Target aliases:
Polycomb protein EED, EED, EED_HUMAN, WAIT-1, hEED ...

DOI Reference: 10.1038/nchembio.2306

In Cell Validations

In Vivo Data

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SERP ratings and comments


SERP Ratings

In Cell Rating
In Model Organisms

SERP Comments:

A-395 associates tightly to EED in a 1:1 binding model with a KD value of 1.5 nM (shown by SPR). A-395 inhibits the trimeric PRC2 complex (EZH2–EED–SUZ12) with an IC50 of 18 nM using a radioactivity-based assay. The structurally related, negative control, A-395N, was significantly less potent against PRC2 in this assay, with an IC50 >50,000 nM. A-395 has no activity against any of the other protein lysine methyltransferases, arginine methyltransferases, or DNA methyltransferases tested (panel of 32 diverse proteins). In cellular assays, A-395 inhibits H3K27 methylation with IC50=90 nM (rhabdoid tumor cell line RD; 3 days). The negative control, A-395N, exhibits no activity in the cellular assays. In vivo activity of A-395 was tested in a DLBCL Pfeiffer xenograft model. Subcutaneous (s.c.) administration of compound in an extended-release vehicle was the only route that showed a sufficient exposure profile for effectiveness. Pharmacokinetic analysis suggested that s.c. delivery of A-395 at 300 mg/kg can maintain an unbound 90% effective concentration (EC90) for at least 48 h.

(last updated: 27 Mar 2017 )

SERP Ratings

In Cell Rating

SERP Comments:

This compound closely phenocopies EZH2 enzyme inhibitors, which are better-characterized and have greater in vivo utility. Therefore, this would be an alternative choice for EZH2 inhibitor-resistant mutant cells or to specifically probe the role of EED WD40-H3K27me3 interactions.

(last updated: 12 Jul 2017 )

SERP Ratings

In Cell Rating
In Model Organisms

SERP Comments:

A-395 is a potent and selective inhibitor of EED/PRC2 interaction (SPR Kd=1.5 nM, 1:1 EED/A-395 binding; Ki=0.5 nM). Calculated physicochemical properties: MW=486.65, PSA=55.5, AlogP=3.37, clogD pH 7=1.74, HBDon=0, HBAcc=5, Nrot=5, Ligand Efficiency (LE)=0.371, Lipophilicity Ligand Efficiency (LipE)=7.655. A co-crystal structure is available (PDB code 5K0M, 1.83 Å).

It works well in cells and was reported to inhibit both H3K27me2 and H3K27me3 marks with IC50=390 nM, 90 nM, respectively, in human rhabdoid tumor cell line RD after 72 hours. A-395 inhibited proliferation in multiple myeloma cell lines with EC50s=1-2 uM after 10 days in RPMI 8226, MM.1s and L-363 cell lines. A-395 is highly selective and, thus, can be used to tease out the EED pharmacology in cells and its role in cancer and other diseases. It was selective against a panel of 32 diverse epigenetic methyltransferases including lysine, arginine, and DNA methyltransferases as well as against a survey of other epigenetic ‘reader domains’, including the WD-40-containing protein WDR5 (as measured by TSA) and against the chromodomain of PcG protein CBX7 (as measured by fluorescence polarization).

A-395 was tested in a xenograft model using the DLBCL Pfeiffer cells in SCID mice. A-395 was administered at a very high concentration (300 mg/kg subcutaneously, twice per week for 35 days) and showed significant reduction of the tumor volume up to 150 days as well as the H3K27m3 levels measured after 1 week compared with vehicle. Based on reported pharmacokinetic studies, subcutaneous delivery of A-395 at 300 mg/kg can maintain an unbound 90% effective concentration (EC90) for at least 48 hours. Based on the long lasting exposure after the subcutaneous administration, I suspect that A-395 may also be administered IV or IP with a proper formulation provided that the compound is soluble at the tested concentration. Development of an improved analog with good oral, IV or IP exposure would be beneficial. Selectivity profiling in a broad CEREP panel would help determine if any of the phenotypic or in vivo readout is partially due to some off-target activity. Also there is no evidence that the H3K27m3-mark reduction is responsible for the phenotypic and in vivo response.

(last updated: 16 Aug 2017 )